New Delhi, Oct 30 IBNS | 12 months ago

Vegetable cultivation is quickly gaining popularity among farmers in Himachal Pradesh, which has become a 'natural glass house' for production of off season vegetables in the region, the state government said.


The state has a huge bio-diversity and its agro-climatic conditions are congenial for the production of off-season vegetables round the year, the Himachal Pradesh government stated in a press release here at the Himachal Bhawan Mandi House.

The release said that a target of 11.55 lakhs metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was fixed in 57,000 hectare area in the year 2009-10 while target of 12.50 lakh metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was fixed in 60,000 hectare area in the year 2010-11 and target of 13 lakh metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was fixed in 65000 hectare area for the year 2011-12.

The targets of off seasonal vegetable production and area were exceeded during all these years due to various incentives and policies started by the state government for promotion of off seasonal vegetable crops in the state, the release noted.

The Himachal govt said that during the year 2009-10, total 1206242 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was recorded in 63879 hectare area.

The total 1268897 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production were recorded in 65075 hectare area in the state during the year 2010-11, while recording an average around 19.5 metric tonnes were recorded seasonal vegetable production in the state during the year 2010-11.

During the year 2011-12, total 1356600 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was recorded in 67968 hectare land recording an average 19.95 metric tones production during this period .

The state govt has fixed target for production of 15 lakh metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production in 70,000 hactare area by the end of the 12 the five year plan which is likely to be exceeded as per the trend in production of off seasonal vegetable.

The state recorded 1206242 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production in 63879 hectare land area in the year 2009-10 which increased to 1268897 metric tonnes production in 65075 hectare land area in the year 2010-11 and further increased to 1356600 metric tonnes production in 67968 hectare area in the year 2011-12 .

The per hectare production of off seasonal vegetable has recorded an increase in the period.

The state recorded 18.88 metric tonnes per hectare production in the year 2009-10 which was increased to 19.49 metric tonnes per hectare production in the year 2010-11 which further increased to 19.95 metric tonnes per hectare production in the year 2011-12.

During the year 2011-12, total 1356600 metric tons off seasonal vegetable production was recorded in 67968 hectare land.

Solan, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmour, Kullu, Lahaul Spiti, Kinnaur and Kangra districts are the main production centres of off seasonal vegetables in the state.

During the year 2011-12, Solan district recorded the highest production of 244433 metric tones in 8498 hectare land.

Shimla district recorded the production of 209496 metric tones in 11986 hectare land and Mandi District recorded 185435 metric tones productions in 9714 hactare area.

The Sirmour District recorded 161690 Metric tones productions in 7369 hectare land while the Kangra district recorded 153789 Metric tones productions in 7376 hectare land area.

The Solan district recorded highest 29 metric tones per hectare production while the Shimla district recorded 18 metric tones production per hectare and Mandi district recorded 19 Metric tones production per hectare during the year.

Sirmour district recorded 22 metric tones productions per hectare while the Kangra district recorded 21 metric tones productions per hectare during the same period.

The three districts of Solan, Shimla and Mandi recorded total production of 639364 metric tones productions out of total recorded production of 1356600 which was about half of the total production of the state.

A total 30198 hectare area was covered under off seasonal vegetable cultivation in the main three leading off seasonal vegetable producing district of Solan, Shimla and Mandi districts which was around 45pc area of the total state covered under off seasonal vegetable.

Out of total vegetable production of 1356600 metric tonnes in the state during the year 2011-12, the cabbage, cauliflowers and cucurbits were three main off seasonal vegetables which recorded 141087 metric tonnes, 91640 metric tonnes and 62169 metric tonnes productions.

The total 1268897 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production were recorded in 65075 hectare area the state during the year 2010-11 out of which the 254177 metric tonnes peas, 388426 metric tons tomato and 144233 metric tonnes cabbage production was recorded during the same period in the state.

The peas, tomato and cabbage total production was recorded at 786836 metric tonnes which is around 62 percent of the total off seasonal vegetable productions in the state.

The out of total 65075 hectare area under the cultivation of off seasonal vegetables in the state.

Shimla, Solan, Mandi and Kangra accounted for 36192 hectare area which is around 56pc of the total area under off seasonal vegetable cultivation in the state.

During the year 2010-11, off seasonal vegetable were grown in 7511 hectare area of tribal districts of Kinnaur and Lahaul Spiti and Lahaul Spiti district leading with off seasonal vegetable cultivation in 4128 hectare area while 3383 hectare area was cultivated under off seasonal vegetable in Kinnaur districts.

The both tribal districts produced 93566 metric tonnes vegetables during the period.

The green peas were major off seasonal vegetable in tribal districts of Lahaul Spiti and Kinnaur district and green peas were cultivated in 6185 hectare area out of total 7511 hectare area under the cultivation of off seasonal vegetable production in both the tribal districts.

Out of total 93566 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production in both the district the production of off seasonal peas was recorded at 61775 metric tonnes, which is around 66 percent of the total off seasonal vegetable productions in the tribal areas.

At an average around 19.5 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was recorded in the state during the year 2010-11.

The Solan district recorded highest 28 metric tonnes per hectare followed by Sirmour 22 metric tonnes and Kangra 21 metric tonnes per hectare off seasonal vegetable production in the state.

During the year 2009-10, total 1206242 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production was recorded in 63879 hectare area recording around 18.88 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production per hectare in the state.

Out of its 237276 metric tonnes of peas, 383824 metric tonnes of tomato and 144624 metric tonnes of cabbage production were recorded in the state.

Total 765724 metric tonnes of peas, tomato and cabbage production was recorded out of total 1206242 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable production which accounts for 73 percent of the total off seasonal crop production in the state.

Out of total 85337 metric tonnes off seasonal vegetable cultivation in tribal districts of Kinnaur and Lahaul Spiti, peas accounted for 64370 metric tonnes production which accounted for 75 percent of total off seasonal vegetable production in the tribal districts.

Solan district recorded the maximum 28 metric tonnes per hectare off seasonal vegetable production followed by Sirmour 21.5 metric tonnes, and Kangra recorded 20 metric tonnes per hectare off seasonal vegetable production during the period.

The three districts of Shimla, Solan and Mandi accounted for 27875 hectares of area under off seasonal vegetable cultivation which comes out around 45 percent of the total cultivable area of the state.

Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh has started 'Mukhyamantri Adarsh Krishi Gaon Yojna' under which Agriculture Development Plans will be prepared for 68 Panchayats, one in each assembly constituency in the state on a pilot basis.

Each selected Panchayat will be provided Rs. 10 lakh as gap filling funds for the creation and upgradation of agriculture infrastructure leading to increase in area under cultivation.

Based on the results obtained, this scheme can be extended to other panchayats.

The state govt is providing modern marketing facilities for ensuring the remunerative prices to the farming community and at present 10 agriculture produce marketing committees, 52 market yards, sub market yards are functioning in the state where vegetable growers can avail sorting, grading, packaging and other marketing facilities.

The state govt will construct seven sub-market yards in the state at a cost of Rs. 20 crore to ensure proper marketing of vegetables in the state.

The state govt has enhanced the subsidy for small and marginal farmers for the construction of polyhouses to 85 percent from Apr 1, 2013.

The state govt has also simplified the process of registration of tractors for agricultural purpose to ensure that the farmers get the benefit of exemption from token tax.

The state govt has further given due emphasis on marketing linkages through modern wholesale markets, sub market yards and cold storage facilities so that the farmers get remunerative prices of their produce and are protected from exploitation at the hands of middlemen.

(Posted on 30-10-2013)