Male hormone testosterone has plenty to do with female fertility
Researchers including and an Indian origin researcher has said that male hormones, also called androgens, help drive the development of follicles aEuro" structures that contain and ultimately release an egg that can be fertilized by a man's sperm.
The research also details how male hormones boost the production of follicles in mice. Authors believe the study provides potential biological targets to enhance fertility in women with diminished ovarian reserve, who produce few or no follicles in response to IVF drugs designed to boost follicle development.
Using multiple animal models and cell experiments, Stephen R. Hammes, M.D., Ph.D.,senior study author and professor of Endocrinology at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, and lead study author Aritro Sen, Ph.D., research assistant professor of Endocrinology at the medical school found that male hormones promote follicle development in two ways.
First, they prevent follicles from dying at an early stage. They do this by ramping up a molecule that stops cells from self destructing, a process called apoptosis. Hammes and Sen speculate that if a woman doesn't have enough androgens (male hormones), more of her follicles may be dying and fewer progressing to a mature stage when they produce and release an egg.
Second, androgens make ovarian cells more sensitive to follicle-stimulating hormone or FSH, which promotes follicle growth. They do this by creating more FSH receptors aEuro" molecules on the surface of ovarian cells that jumpstart the follicle making process in response to the hormone.
When the team administered small doses of androgens to mice that were taking the equivalent of medications given to women undergoing IVF therapy, they developed more mature, egg-containing follicles than mice that didn't receive androgens.
The androgen-treated female mice also released larger numbers of eggs with ovulation.
The study has been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
(Posted on 05-03-2014)