According to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) report, the Rs 1808.59 crore was spent in security related issues from the year 2001-2002 to 2011-2012 in six states of the region.
The NE region has been facing militancy issues for decades as dozen outfit groups are still active in the region.
Recently, the Assam state government had said on the floor of the state legislative assembly that there are six militant groups are active in the region.
The state government said that the active militant groups are anti-talk faction group of United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA-AT), National Democratic Front of Bodoland-Ranjan daimary group, Karbi People Liberation Tiger (KPLT), Kamatapur Liberation Organization (KLO), Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA) and Harkat-ul-Mujahideen- Assam unit.
Apart from Assam, six militant groups- People's Liberation Army (PLA), United National Liberation Front (UNLF), People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), Kanglei Yaol Kanba Lup (KYKL) and Manipur People's Liberation Front (MPLF)- are active in Manipur.
Two outfit groups All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF), National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) are active in Tripura and Garo National Liberation Army (GLNA) is active in Meghalaya.
There are few small militant groups are active in the trouble torn region.
At least 4834 militants of different outfits across seven states in North East India were killed in counter-insurgency operations in the past 12 years in the terror-affected region.
During the period, at least 1909 militants were killed in Manipur, while 1777 were killed in Assam, 536 in Nagaland, 307 in Tripura, 105 in Arunachal Pradesh and 9 in Mizoram.
On the other hand, as per MHA report, at least 1656 civilians were killed in the region from the year 2007 to 2011.
The MHA spent Rs 909.61 cr alone in Assam in security related issues, while Rs 325.19 crore is spent in Nagaland, Rs 296.21 crore inTripura, Rs 177.82 crore in Manipur, Rs 58.25 crore in Meghalaya and Rs 41.51 crore in Arunachal Pradesh.
A top source of MHA said that, the security situation in some of the North Eastern States which have remained complex for quite some time because of diverse demands advocated by various militant outfits.
"But the overall scenario has dramatically changed and several militant groups have come to main stream, and hold peace talks with government," the MHA source said.
The MHA is worried about the increasing Maoist activities in the region.
"The Left wing extremists have set up their bases in 11 districts in Assam and continued recruitment drive in the state," a top official of Assam police said.
"The Maoist also had set up links with several outfit groups in the region," the official said.
In 2012, four Maoist cadres were killed in gun battle with security forces in Upper Assam, where security forces recovered huge cache of arms and ammunition from their possession.
A source of Intelligence Bureau (IB) said that, with the help of GLNA and ULFA, Maoists had set up camps along Assam-Meghalaya border.
--IBNS (Posted on 31-03-2013)