According to the analysis "Coal India: Running on Empty?" the company has failed to disclose to stock exchanges an internal assessment that shows its extractable coal reserves are 16pc less than stated at the time of its 2010 listing - a violation of Indian stock exchange rules.
Coal India continues to claim via its website that it has 21.7 billion tonnes of extractable coal reserves, yet a review of its own internal documents undertaken by Greenpeace and the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) has shown that the company has only 18.2 billion tonnes of extractable coal, as per the United Nations reserve classification system.
At targeted production rates, these reserves could be exhausted in 17 years.
Greenpeace India has filed an official complaint with the Indian Stock Exchange regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) against Coal India for concealing material evidence on the scale of their coal reserves, in contravention of the terms of the Listing Agreement under the Indian Securities Contracts Regulations Act, 1956.
Commenting on the findings, Ashish Fernandes of Greenpeace said: "Coal India is trying to deceive its present and future shareholders by hiding the fact that its extractable reserves are almost a fifth less than it claims. Coal India has a legal duty to tell the truth and they are failing to do that."
Supreme Court Advocate Shaunak Kashyap said, "Coal India is in violation of statutory provisions particularly the SEBI Act, the Listing Agreement under the Securities Contracts Regulations Act, 1956, and SEBI's April 3, 2006 circular relating to disclosure of material events.
"It is a matter of grave concern that a government controlled company has failed to notify the exchanges of this reduction in their reserves, something that has serious implications for both investors and the country at large."
The company has contracted four of the world's largest banks, Bank of America, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs and Credit Suisse, to push its new share offer on the international stage, despite unions threatening to strike if the sale goes ahead, and with the company share price dropping in recent weeks.
In light of this evidence, these banks have a moral and legal responsibility to ensure that material facts relating to the company's reserves are disclosed to investors.
The new data about Coal India's reserves also casts doubt on the government's ability to sustain its planned investment in coal-fired power plants.
Coal India currently supplies 80pc of the country's coal and India has plans to add over 100,000 MW of new coal by 2017, even though the company is struggling to supply existing power plants.
As a result, spiraling coal imports have played a role in India's ballooning Current Account Deficit and led to higher power tariffs, said Greenpeace.
--IBNS (Posted on 23-09-2013)