According to figures released by the Planning Commission, in Sikkim the proportion of people below the poverty line (BPL) in total population came down from 30.9pc in 2004-05 to 8.19pc in 2011-12, a decline of 22 percentage points due to inclusive and equitable development of the entire state, the state government said.
The population of the persons below poverty line in the Sikkim has come down from 1.70,000 lakh persons in the year 2004-05 to 80,000 person in the year 2009-10 and 51,000 persons in the year 2011-12 and the proportion of the poor in the Himalayan state remains well below the national average.
The number of persons below poverty line has been reduced by one fifth in the state and sizeable population of 1,19,000 persons living below poverty line have been lifted out of poverty during last seven years due to various developmental programmes launched by the state government for raising the social. economical standard of the people.
About 23000 households have been brought above poverty line in the seven year period in the state according to latest planning commission data.
The state has been ranked among the five best performing states in poverty reduction in the country according to latest report of the planning commission. The states with the least proportion of poor living below poverty line are Goa (5.09 pc ), Kerala (7.05 pc ), Himachal Pradesh (8.06 pc ), Sikkim (8.19 pc ), Punjab (8.26 pc ) and Andhra Pradesh (9.20pc )
Sikkim's share of the BPL population was estimated at 8.19pc in comparison to all India average of 21.9pc population living below poverty line.
The state has taken giant leaps in poverty reduction since 1994 when 41pc of the state population was living below poverty line, the state government said.
The poverty ratio in the state has come down from 41pc in the year 1994 to 30.9pc in 2004-2005 which was reduced to 13.1pc in 2009-10 and which further came down to 8.19pc in the year 2011-12, Planning Commission data shows.
The average monthly per capital expenditure in rural and urban areas of Sikkim has been estimated at Rs 1445.06 and Rs 2528.11 in comparison to national average monthly per capital expenditure of Rs 1287.17 and Rs 2477.02 in rural and urban areas respectively.
Around 9.85pc of rural population and 3.66pc of urban population of the Sikkim lives below poverty line in comparison to all India national average of 25.70pc rural population and 13.70pc urban population living below poverty line.
Sikkim has the lowest 3.66pc urban population of the state living below poverty line which is minimum among all the Indian states and is followed by Goa (4.09pc ), Haryana (4.33pc ) and Kerala (4.97pc ) while in rural poverty the 9.85pc population of Sikkim is living below poverty line and the state is ranked with the five top states Goa, Himachal, Kerala and Punjab in terms of reduction in rural poverty.
The rate of poverty reduction has been registered at 3.2pc point per year in comparison to national average of 2.18pc per year.
--IBNS (Posted on 15-09-2013)