25pc households live in slums in 19 cities
New Delhi, Mar 21 : There are 19 million plus cities where more than 25pc households live in slums, according to a report on Housing Stock, Amenities and Assets in Slums based on House Listing and Housing Census 2011.
Union Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Minister Ajay Maken said that his ministry will frame "Slum Upgradation Index" City Wise and State Wise for monitoring periodically the up-gradation of slums in the country.
He said for this purpose a committee will be set-up to suggest the methodology for drafting this index.
Maken was speaking at a function of release of report on Housing Stock, Amenities and Assets in Slums based on House Listing and Housing Census 2011 here on Thursday.
Such datasets on slum are being brought out for the first time in the country.
Flagging the important aspects of the Slum Data in the above report, Maken said his ministry will not have any distinction between Notified, Recognized and Identified slums while providing financial assistance to the states under the Rajiv Awaas Yojana ( RAY) Scheme.
He urged the state governments to convert the notified local bodies into statutory local bodies with provision of municipalities for improving the living conditions in these towns.
Complimenting the efforts of the Census organization in bringing out such important facts, Maken said that this Slum Data will help in redrawing our programmes/schemes and fix priorities under various Schemes of the Ministry.
Highlights from the report:
In all 1.73 Crore Census houses have been reported in the Houselisting Blocks categorized as Slums in India, comprising 1.37 Crore slum households.
There are 19 million plus cities where more than 25 % households live in slums.
A majority (71%) of these are located in six States namely, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, west Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Out of these 19 cities, five cities namely, Vishakhapatnam, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Vijaywada and Meerut have more than 40 % slum households.
Out of total slum houses, 92.7 % are occupied and 7.3 % are vacant.
84.9% Census Houses are used for residence/residence-cum-other use.
58.4% residential census houses are in good condition, 37.5 % are liveable and rests are 4.0% are in dilapidated condition.
70.2 % Slum households are owned. Rest are mostly rented.
74 % households use Tap as the main source of drinking water followed by hand pump/tube well (20.3%)
Source of drinking water is available to 56.7% of the households within the premises in slums; 31.9% have the source located near (within 100m) the premises and 11.4 % have to travel more than 100 m away to fetch drinking water
More than 90% slum households use electricity as main of lighting. 8.2% Kerosene and 0.7% households have other source of lighting and 0.5% households have no lighting in the slum areas.
66% households are having latrine facility within the premises meaning that every third household (34%) has no latrine facility within the premises. 18.9% slum households defecate in open and 15.1% use public latrine.
81% slum households have bathroom or an enclosure without roof. 53.2% households avail banking service in slum areas.
About 70% slum households have television in their houses for entertainment, 18.7% possess Radio/Transistor.
Computer/laptop have not made inroads in slums to the desired extent only 10.4% households have computer/laptop in their house, out of which 3.3 % have computer/laptop with internet connection (as against 9.3% in non-slum areas) and 7.1 without internet connection.
72.7% slum households have telephone facility out of which 4.4% have land line connection, 63.5% mobile and 4.8 % have both facilities. In non-slum areas this percentage is 83.9.