Chidambaram mixes prudence with sops in election budget
With general elections around the corner, Finance Minister P. Chidambaram presented the interim budget for the next fiscal Monday with a mix of self-acclamation for meeting key targets while highlighting achievements of his government, making automobiles and mobile phones cheaper and marginally hiking major subsidies and social sector allocations.
The finance minister could not change the tax regime vastly, as it required legislative approvals and is generally left for the next government in an election year. But he used the opportunity to appease some key constituencies like scheduled castes, minorities, women, farmers and army personnel with specific proposals.
He only made some minor changes in the overall tax regime, such as lowering of excise duty on mobile handsets, automobiles, bikes, consumer non-durables and capital goods, and abolition of service tax on the storage of rice. The direct tax rates were left unaltered.
In his 56-minute speech, he said the targets for fiscal deficit set for 2013-14 as also farm credit disbursals and overall investments were met despite the challenges, even as some key concerns such as current account deficit and food inflation were contained.
"No one is speaking about downgrades now," said the finance minister, referring to the threats given by some global credit rating agencies to lower India's economic outlook that could have rendered junk status to Indian bonds and triggered a flight of capital.
"The economy is more stable today than it was two years ago," said the minister, tabling India's 83rd national budget and the 9th such personal exercise for him. India's growth, he said, will be 4.9 percent this fiscal, against 4.5 percent in 2012-13.
"I wonder how many have noted the fact that India's economy, in terms of the size of its GDP (gross domestic product), is the 11th largest in the world. There are great things in store."
The main budget for the financial year 2014-15 will be presented by the new government that will come to power after the general elections, the schedule for which is likely to be announced by the Election Commission soon.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who had earlier presided over the cabinet meeting where the interim budget was approved, congratulated Chidambaram for a "well balanced" budget, one that portrayed a "realistic picture" of the economic situation in the country.
"The finance minister has aptly summarised the economic and social achievements of the last 10 years which our government is proud of," Manmohan Singh said, as the opposition parties said it had nothing new and only listed past achievements with an eye on polls.
The markets, which briefly slid immediately after the budget speech began, was otherwise positive. The sensitive index (Sensex) of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) was ruling at 20,438.28 points, with a gain of 71.46 points or 0.35 percent at around 2 p.m.
Industry also welcomed Chidambaram's resolve to stay on the fiscal discipline course, while addressing the requirements of sectors such as automobiles, capital goods and consumer electronics in the limited scope that he had at his disposal.
During his speech, the finance minister also rubbished arguments of "policy paralysis" and said the economy was more stable than it was two years ago after steps taken by the government and that the growth would be higher in the second half of the fiscal.
Giving specific numbers, Chidambaram said fiscal deficit for 2013-14 would be contained at 4.6 percent of GDP, against the target of 4.8 percent, and the current account deficit was lower at $45 billion, compared with $88 billion for the previous fiscal.
He said fiscal deficit target for the next fiscal has been cut further to 4.1 percent of GDP with a plan expenditure of Rs.5,55,322 crore (Rs.5.55 trillion/$88 billion) and non-plan expenditure of Rs.12,07,892 crore (Rs.12.07 trillion/$192 billion).
For defence, he proposed a 10-percent higher allocation from Rs.203,672 crore(Rs.2.03 trillion/$32 billion) to Rs.224,000 crore (Rs.2.24 trillion/$35.5 billion), while for other ministries allocations have been either kept the same as this fiscal or enhanced.
The finance minister also said the inflation has come down to 5.05 percent, against 7.3 percent when the budget was presented last year. Core inflation, which excludes items that see volatility in prices, was also down at 3 percent from 4.2 percent, he added.
Chidambaram said the government had made large investments on the infrastructure and energy front, with seven new airports under construction, 19 oil blocks alloted and 50,000 MW of conventional power and 500 MW of solar energy added.
He has proposed to lower excise duty on small cars, motor cycles, scooters and commercial vehicles from 12 percent to 8 percent, for sports utility vehicles from 30 percent to 24 percent and for large and mid-segment cars from 27/24 percent to 24/20percent.
In the financial sector, he proposed capital infusion of Rs.11,200 crore (Rs.112 billion or $1.77 billion) in public sector banks and said a venture capital fund will be set up to promote entrepreneurship among scheduled castes.
He said major subsidies will be slightly higher at Rs.246,397 crore (Rs.2.46 trillion or $39.1 billion) of which Rs.115,000 crore (Rs.1.15 trillion or $18.25 billion) is on food, Rs.65,000 crore (Rs.650 billion or $10.3 billion) is on fuel and Rs.68,000 crore (Rs.680 billion or $10.8 billion) is on fertilisers.
(Posted on 17-02-2014)