States of India
Introduction to Delhi
Delhi, a true cosmopolitan city with diversified culture is the capital of the
world’s largest democracy, India. Known as Indraprastha in ancient times, Delhi
has been wooed by rulers, attracted invaders and has been build and destroyed
several times. Historians say that is has been rebuilt seven times during
The two worlds of the city, the Old and the New form a
great synthesis and co-exist of modernity and traditions in a remarkable manner.
Geography of Delhi
Delhi is located at 28.38° North and 77.13° East & lies in northern India. Uttar
Pradesh is on the east and Haryana is on the west of Delhi.
There are three major geographical regions: the Yamuna
flood plain, the ridge & the Gangetic Plains. The Yamuna flood plains provide
fertile soil suitable for agriculture. However, these plains are prone to
recurrent floods. With an average altitude of 293 m above sea level, the ridge
forms the most dominating feature in this region.
It originates from the Aravalli Hills in the south and
encircles the west, north-east and north-west portions of the city. The Great
Plains are located in the south of the city and cover most of Delhi.
Brief History of Delhi
Delhi has glorious and tumultuous 5,000 year old history . A city of great
antiquity, Delhi has been traditionally credited with being the capital of the
Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata. The area around the Yamuna River (near
Purana Qila) has been identified with the city of Indraprastha. It took
centuries for Delhi to take center stage of attention once again and till date
it has continued to dominate the every aspect of the Indian life. The recorded
history of Delhi started only after coming of Aryans from the Central Asia. Over
the ages, the city attracted a large number of races because of its central
position and wealth. Even now, the city is attracting people from all over the
country who come in search of better life and opportunity. This character of
assimilation has given a new dimension and dynamism to the city.
The modern Delhi was founded in the 8th century AD by Tomara Rajputs who were
later supplanted by the Chauhans. Prithivi Raj Chauhan, the last ruler of this
dynasty, was defeated by Muhammad Ghori in the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192.
Thus came the end of the Hindu rule at Delhi. It then became the pivot of the
Muslim rule in India, which continued till 1857 when the Mughal Empire ended.
When the last Mughal emperor who was declared leader of the Indian Mutiny or
"First War of Independence" was captured and sent to Burma by the British. The
uprising caused a lot of bloodshed before Delhi was brought under the British
control. After a period of more than 50 years, Delhi was once again made capital
of India in 1911.
Calcutta now Kolkata served as the British capital during
this break period. With Indian Independence in 1947, the last representative of
the British India, Lord Mountbatten lost all authority, and the democratically
elected Congress government came to power with Jawaharlal Nehru as the first
Prime Minister of India. Today, Delhi has the distinction of being the capital
of largest secular democratic country in the world and is growing in all
Government of Delhi
Smt. Sheila Dikshit was sworn-in as Chief Minister for the Government of NCT of
Delhi on 15th December, 2003. She is the second woman Chief Minister of Delhi.
She represents Gole Market Constituency in the Assembly. She belongs to Congress
Economy of Delhi
Delhi is India’s most prosperous state with a per capita income of Rs. 11,650.
The state has best infrastructural facilities available in the country. Major
industries are manufacture of Sports Goods, Radio & TV Parts, Plastic & PVC
Goods, Textiles, Chemicals, Fertilizers, Soft Drinks, Hand & Machine tools,
Leather Goods, Galvanizing & Electroplating, Printing etc.
Delhi Travel Information
Delhi is a city with magnetic attraction. Delhi was a witness of every scar
India has suffered from time-to-time. Delhi has seen the struggle of the Indians
to regain their freedom, Now Delhi stands proudly as a symbol of the strength,
achievements and aspirations of we Indians.
Delhi should be first tourism destination to understand
India and Indians deeply. There are many destinations to see.
The Qutab Minar, which is the tallest monument in India,
ushered in the new Indo-Islamic style of architecture that was a fusion of the
Indian and Mughal styles.
On the other hand, India Gate is a memorial in tribute to
the soldiers martyred in the Afghan War is an example of Britsh architecture. It
has the names of all these heroic men inscribed on it.
Red Fort, an example of the rich Mughal architecture, is
another fascinating building, built with red sandstones. Now a days, Red Fort is
used as a venue to the Independence Day parade of India.
Connaught Place is the most happening place in New Delhi.
It is the central business district of New Delhi. A shopper's paradise-
Connaught place is one of the most famous shopping destinations of India. It
houses some of the best restaurants, discos and hotels of the city. Those in
search of spiritual rejuvenation can visit the Lotus Temple, a beautiful white
marble building and a place of worship for Bahai's.
Rivers of Delhi
Yamuna is the only main river flowing through Delhi. Yamuna is one of India’s
most sacred rivers, Most of the city, including New Delhi, lies west of the
river. East of the river is the Old City.
Education in Delhi
Today, Delhi is considered as the best place to pursue higher education. This is
the reason that Delhi has attracted many students and researchers from all parts
of the world. The overall literacy rate of Delhi at 81.82% is much higher than
the national average literacy rate. The educational institutes in Delhi are
managed by the NCT or by Private organizations. A 2001 survey tells that there
were 2416 primary, 715 middle and 1576 secondary schools in Delhi. In addition,
there were 131 colleges, which include 5 Medical and 8 Engineering colleges.
Delhi has five universities; seven deemed universities and one Open University.
English has been adopted as the common medium of study in the private schools in
Delhi. The schools are affiliated to either the Central Board of Secondary
Education (CBSE) or Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE)
Food of Delhi
Due to diversity of people, The Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Sag of Punjab; Momos
from Sikkim; Chowmein from Mizoram; Dal - Bati Choorma from Rajasthan; Shrikhand,
Pao-Bhaji and Puram Poli of Maharashtra; Macher Jhol from Bengal; Wazwan, the
ceremonial Kashmiri feast; Idli, Dosa and Uttapam of South Indian and Sadya, the
traditional feast of Kerala, all are available in Delhi. A delightful outlets of
Indian food are the food stalls at Dilli Haat, here, the food of different
states is available at very moderate rates. In Delhi the omnipresent tandoori
chicken and tandoori roti, which, when freshly had from the tandoor, makes a
delicious meal. This is often available at roadside dhabas at a moderate cost.
Arts & Culture of Delhi
Delhi is by nature a homogenous city, It is ready to assimilate all incoming
influences, whether they are people, culture, or the languages.
During October to March, many events take place in the
fields of the visual and performing arts. At Kamani Auditorium, the Chamber
Theatre at Triveni Kala Sagam, FICCI Auditorium, the India International Center,
Siri Fort, LTG Auditorium, Pragati Maidan and Sri Ram Center, where Delhites can
enjoy the privilege of seeing, and listening to, the legendary gurus as well as
Music lovers look forward to the Shankarlal, Dhrupad and
Tansen Festivals in February and March and the Vishnu Digamber Festival in
August, at which India's greatest musicians perform Roshanara Festivals of music
and dance organized by Delhi Tourism.
October witnesses the popular Qutub Festivals where
reputed musicians and dancers offer captivating renditions with the Qutub Minar
as the backdrop. Film buffs eagerly await the National Film Festivals and the
bi-annual International Film Festival, held in January. Apart from commercial
cinema houses, films are periodically screened at the Max Mueller Bhawan, the
Alliance Francaise, the Japan Cultural Center, the British Council Division, the
Russian Center for Science and Cultural and the Hungarian Information Center.
People can see many galleries i.e. Art Heritage, Triveni Art Gallery, Sridharani
Gallery, Art Today, Vadehra Art Gallery, Eicher Gallery, Gallery 42, Dhoomi Mal
Art Centre, Gallery Escape, Lalit Kala Akademi, LGT Gallery, Gallery Ganesha,
Gallery steps, AIFACS, Max Mueller Photo Gallery, British Council Divisio
Gallery, Gallery Romain Rolland, Khirkee Gallery, the Village Gallery and at
times the American Centre. Traditional crafts, too have long been practiced in
The city was particularly well known for its silver and
gold enameling, and zari or embroidery in gold thread. Master-craftersmen in
both crafts still live in the Walled City where there are also miniature
painters. Delhi also has fine potters, wooden toy makes, kite makers and lacquer
craftsmen. In Old Delhi it is not unusual to come upon a traditional workshop.
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