Food prices, which is a gauge to measure changes in kitchen budgets, grew 1.83 per cent in May as compared to 1.1 per cent in April.
However, retail inflation is below the Reserve Bank of India's medium-term target of four per cent, giving it room for more interest rate cuts.
Meanwhile, industrial production grew at a six-month high of 3.4 per cent in April mainly on account of improvement in mining and power generation.
The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) had expanded by 4.5 per cent in April 2018. The expansion in the mining sector was 5.1 per cent compared to 3.8 per cent in the year-ago month.