Organic Farming: A Relief to Farmers
(7 months ago)
MUMBAI: The present situation of the farmers and growing incidences of farmer fatalities due to use of chemical fertilizers calls for some immediate resolution and alternative relief for the Indian farmers. Maharashtra has the largest area under cultivation in the country, cultivating 41 lakh hectares.
The extensive usage of chemical-based pesticides exposes a significantly large population of the farmer community to health risks. Several deaths due to pesticide poisoning have been reported from Yavatmal district in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in the last few weeks.
The recent tragedies call for educating the farmers on the ills of increased dosages of pesticides and insecticides. The residual effects of synthetic chemical pesticides are harmful to the human body, and switching to organic farming is beneficial for soil, plants and human population.
Chemical-based pesticides when sprayed without covering the mouth and nose, cause adverse skin reactions, burning sensation, dizziness, and headaches. Environmental changes have resulted in huge attacks of bollworm and whitefly on cotton and farmers have had to resort to spraying large amounts of insecticide and pesticides to save their standing cotton crop. The chain reaction of dosage increases production of poisonous chains and carcinogenic effects and when consumed by animals, especially milch animals, through fodder, the harmful effects get passed on to children and humans. Organic fertilizers are usually made from plant or animal waste or powdered minerals. They are 'soil conditioners' when broken down, improve the structure of the soil and increase its ability to hold water and nutrients. Over time, organic fertilizers make the soil and plants, healthy and strong. Additionally they are renewable, biodegradable, sustainable, and environmentally friendly.