Preemies' parents as happy as those with full-term babies by adulthood
Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 11 : Parents of preemies are usually worn to a frazzle more than other parents when their kids are young, but according to a recent study, there's light at the end of the tunnel.The University of Warwick research found that the parents of very premature or very low birth weight babies have the same life satisfaction as parents of full-term babies, when their children reach adulthood.
Led by Dieter Wolke, this pioneering study traced the lives of children who were born very preterm (VP), or with a very low birth weight (VLBW) and their parents from birth until they turned twenty-seven.
VP babies are defined as having been born at fewer than 32 weeks gestation and VLBW babies were born weighing less than 1500 grams.
The researchers analysed the health and wellbeing of 446 parents of babies born in Germany between January 1985 and March 1986. 219 were parents of VP or VLBW babies, and the remaining 227 had babies born at full-term (37-42 weeks gestation).
The study showed that parents of VP and VLBW babies were confronted with more challenging situations during their children's life: their child's different start in neonatal intensive care, a much higher rate of disability (e.g. 38.8% of VP/VLBW had disability in childhood compared to 5.7% of term born), poorer schooling, mental health problems and peer relationship problems of very preterm children that were challenging for parenting.
Lead author Wolke commented, "This is a testament to resilience, adaptability, and coping of parents of children of very preterm children, and really good news that life can be bright after a very difficult start."
This unique study, which followed all children and families at seven time points, from birth to adulthood of the children, also investigated the challenges in childhood that still affect the quality of life of parents when their children are adults.
It was not disability, academic performance, or how good the parent-child relationship was, rather, the crucial factor was whether the children had good mental health and good peer relationships in childhood that determined whether parents had a high quality of life when their children were adults.
Wolke further noted, "We should put more emphasis on good mental health and facilitating good peer relationships in children to increase the quality of life of both parents and children. It is important information for counselling of parents of VP and VLBW children dealing with disability and schooling problems in childhood."
The research is published in the journal Pediatrics.