At least 17 children are among the dead.
More than 100 others were injured in the stampede on Sunday morning at a Ratangarh temple in Datia district, officials said.
Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan will be visiting Ratangarh on Monday to take stock of the situation.
"I am going to Ratangarh today. Guilty would be punished at the earliest," said Chouhan.
He said the tragedy should not be politicized; instead, the focus should be on making sure that the injured get proper treatment and that such incidents are not repeated.
Congress general secretary Digvijaya Singh tweeted: "Extremely sorry to hear about the Ratangarh Mata Mandir disaster in Datia Dist in MP. Pay homage to the dead. Similar disaster in 2006 also."
"Reason for Ratangarh Mata disaster ? Police was charging ₹200 from each tractor and allowing in no traffic zone. Good Governance in MP ?" he posted on micro-blogging site Twitter.
D K Arya, DIG, Chambal Range, said at least 5 lakh devotees visited the temple since morning for the Durga Puja festivities.
"Over 25,000 people were crossing the bridge when the stampede occurred," said Arya. Police denied that any lathicharge caused the tragedy.
He said a group of people from Uttar Pradesh had raised a panic saying the bridge was collapsing so that they could cross it quickly, triggering the stampede.
Many of the devotees visiting the temple on the eve of Dussehra died when the stampede occurred on the bridge over river Sindh.
Angry devotees meanwhile pelted stones at the police following the stampede alleging that they did not act on time to prevent the mishap, injuring at least six cops.
--IBNS (Posted on 15-10-2013)