Scientists at the University of Exeter used state-of-the-art functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technology, which allows them to visualise which parts of the brain are activated to process various activities.
No one had previously looked specifically at the differing responses in the brain to poetry and prose.
In the research, the team found activity in a "reading network" of brain areas which was activated in response to any written material.
But they also found that more emotionally charged writing aroused several of the regions in the brain which respond to music.
These areas, predominantly on the right side of the brain, had previously been shown as to give rise to the "shivers down the spine" caused by an emotional reaction to music.
When volunteers read one of their favourite passages of poetry, the team found that areas of the brain associated with memory were stimulated more strongly than "reading areas", indicating that reading a favourite passage is a kind of recollection.
In a specific comparison between poetry and prose, the team found evidence that poetry activates brain areas, such as the posterior cingulate cortex and medial temporal lobes, which have been linked to introspection.
The research is published in the Journal of Consciousness Studies.
--ANI (Posted on 10-10-2013)