Seen as a precursor to the national election, due by May, the elections will decide the fate of three states ruled by the Congress, which also governs the Centre and two ruled by the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
In the elections, the around 11 crore voters in the five states will for the first time have the Right to Reject the candidates, following a recent ruling of the Supreme Court that mandated "none of the above" (NOTA) button on electronic voting machines (EVMs).
While Chhattisgarh will vote on two days, the other four states will hold elections in one phase.
The dates for polling Chattisgarh was decided as Nov 11 and 19, Madhya Pradesh as Nov 25 and Rajasthan as Dec 1. Delhi and Mizoram will go to vote on Dec 4.
By-elections for the Surat West constituency of Gujarat and Yercaud (ST) constituency of Tamil Nadu be held on Dec 4 and counting of votes in all states will be done on Dec 8.
With the announcement of the dates the model code of conduct also came into effect, Chief Election Commissioner VS Sampath said, restricting governments from announcing policies to influence voters.
Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit, who has served three consecutive terms, said, "We will fight the elections with confidence, our achievements are seen and felt by people. The development is visible."
In the state, the polls will mark the closely watched debut of Dikshit's rival and anti-corruption crusader Arvind Kejriwal's party, the Aam Admi Party (AAP) while the BJP too hopes to make a splash after having lost the last three polls.
"We look forward to healthy and spirited elections," tweeted Narendra Modi, the BJP's Prime Ministerial candidate
In Rajasthan, the BJP's Vasundhra Raje Scindia will face off the current chief minister Ashok Gehlot of the Congress.
Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan of the BJP will seeks a reelection for a third consecutive term against Congress challenger Jyotiraditya Scindia.
Incumbent BJP in Chattisgarh and Congress in Mizoram will, meanwhile vie to retain power.
--IBNS (Posted on 04-10-2013)