The summit was inaugurated by Minister of State for Food Processing Industries and Agriculture Tariq Anwar, in the presence of Swapan Dutta, Deputy Director General, ICAR, Ashok Gulati, Chairman, CACP and Vivek Singh, Secretary, Agriculture, Government of Bihar .
In his inaugural speech, Tariq Anwar complimented ICC for organising the 3rd India Crop Summit in Bihar, as the State of Bihar is having abundance potential in agriculture.
He said that the state can do extremely good in agriculture by the joint effort of state and central government as Bihar has best land, environment and water for the growth of agriculture. He congratulated the farmers of Nalanda district for creating world record in the production of paddy and potato.
Focusing on the major issues, he said that the state and also the country have big challenges for agriculture. The decrease in the land capacity (Rakwa) due to land fragmentation is a big hurdle.
"As a result, we mostly have small farmers. Drought and flood in various areas, ground water wastage and unavailability of proper support value to farmers are the other major issues. Crop diversification is a good solution to counter these issues. The participation of private players will be an additional hand," Anwar noted.
He further said that the governmental policy is not only focusing on the schemes to increase productivity of crop but also on other means of livelihood for farmers like fisheries, animal husbandry etc. So, farmers should focus on these schemes too.
He added that,"by 2030, our population will be more than China. So, food security will soon become a major issue as we producing far below than China. China produced 570 million tons of grain in 2012 as compared to 250 million tone of India. We should think over it again and again. Also GM Crops are a good solution and we should spread right information about it."
Ashok Gulati said that soon Bihar will become Punjab and second green revolution will start from these areas. He raised the issue of unavailability of proper support value to farmers. He further told that Bihar doesn't have any issue in production but procurement is the major issue. Its rice milling capacity is very low.
Swapan Kumar Datta also highlighted the major agricultural issues of Bihar. He said that now every crop is competing with each other. So, government should decide the minimum support price for a good profit. He said that every state has its own issue and their joint efforts can counter many issues.
Vivek Kumar Singh highlighted the significant growth in agriculture and horticulture sector which Bihar has achieved. He said that Bihar has received "Krishi Karma Award" due to its fast growth, hard working farmers and unique lead crops. To support farmers, the government has taken initiatives of granting 784 crore valued diesel to farmers.
Rajeev Singh in his welcome address highlighted some major critical issues affecting the agriculture like urbanisation, climate change and crisis management. He suggested that crop diversification and proper soil health can improve productivity.
He also recommended for the development of cooperative model for farmers and emphasised on the need of skill development and training programs on best practices for the farmers.
--IBNS (Posted on 18-09-2013)