Russian state news agency Ria Novosti on Tuesday reported that two "ballistic targets" were detected in the Mediterranean.
The incident triggered tension in the area as U.S. President Barack Obama had earlier said the US will take military action against Syria.
However, Israeli government later clarified that the missile had been fired on Tuesday to test its defence systems, BBC reported.
The US reportedly denied launching any missile towards the Syrian coast.
The Russian news agency earlier in the day reported that the launch of ballistic targets were detected at 10:16 Moscow time (06:16 GMT) by a radar in the southern Russian city of Armavir.
The targets' trajectories ran from the central to the eastern Mediterranean, and fell into the sea, reports said.
Russia's Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu reported the launch to President Vladimir Putin, Ria Novosti reported quoting sources.
While Russia opposes to any outside military intervention in the Syrian civil war, Obama said he will seek Congressional authorisation for intervention and use of force in the country.
--IBNS (Posted on 03-09-2013)