health-news

Learning second language as a child enhances brain development

Washington, Aug 30 : A new study suggests that the age at which children learn a second language can have a significant bearing on the structure of their adult brain.


According to a new joint study by the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital - The Neuro at McGill University and Oxford University, majority of people in the world learn to speak more than one language during their lifetime.

Many do so with great proficiency particularly if the languages are learned simultaneously or from early in development.

The study concludes that the pattern of brain development is similar if you learn one or two language from birth.

However, learning a second language later on in childhood after gaining proficiency in the first (native) language does in fact modify the brain's structure, specifically the brain's inferior frontal cortex.

The left inferior frontal cortex became thicker and the right inferior frontal cortex became thinner.

The cortex is a multi-layered mass of neurons that plays a major role in cognitive functions such as thought, language, consciousness and memory.

The study suggests that the task of acquiring a second language after infancy stimulates new neural growth and connections among neurons in ways seen in acquiring complex motor skills such as juggling.

The study's authors speculate that the difficulty that some people have in learning a second language later in life could be explained at the structural level.

"The later in childhood that the second language is acquired, the greater are the changes in the inferior frontal cortex," Dr. Denise Klein, researcher in The Neuro's Cognitive Neuroscience Unit and lead author, said.

"Our results provide structural evidence that age of acquisition is crucial in laying down the structure for language learning," the researcher said.

The study is published in the journal Brain and Language.

--ANI (Posted on 30-08-2013)

health-news headlines

Colon cancer linked to dietary fats

Now, smart pill bottle that help you take your meds on time

Ginseng can help treat and prevent influenza and respiratory virus

Now, 3D-printed plaster cast to heal wound faster

How bariatric surgery can help control diabetes

McDonaldisation of gym culture spreading fast: Study

New drug to treat depression?

Now, the ICU comes home - at a fraction of the cost (Health Feature)

Malnutrition not priority for most parties: CRY

Testosterone levels in womb may impact your health

Bone marrow can cure blood disorders

Heart's development doesn't stop with birth

Quick Links: Goa | Munnar | Pondicherry | Free Yearly Horoscope '2014

Comments

Your e-mail:


Your Full Name:


Type verification image:
verification image, type it in the box

Message:

Back to Top