No state or a group of states could have the right to "file the charges, make a ruling and to execute their own sentence", Xinhua quoted presidential aide Yuri Ushakov as saying.
"Such actions, bypassing the UN Security Council, should they happen, will incur enormous damage to the system based on the UN's central role, and to the entire modern world order," he said.
The official said the situation in Syria itself would not become calmer or more stable in that case.
"Russia keeps working actively to avoid a military scenario in Syria," he said.
In addition, Moscow did not understand the logic by which UN experts investigating alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria must leave that country all at once, Ushakov said.
"It is not quite clear why they all must return to The Hague in one group while there are many questions remaining about alleged use of chemical weapons," Ushakov said.
Meanwhile, the official said Washington had not shared its reconnaissance data with Moscow.
"We don't believe in it," he said, referring to US allegations that Syrian government forces used chemical weapons.
--IANS (Posted on 30-08-2013)