The study conducted by Jennifer Watling Neal, an assistant professor of psychology at Michigan State University, found that children who were more accurate in their assessment of their number of friends or who underestimated their quantity of friends compared to peer report were more aggressive.
The research suggested that there are certain types of positive perceptual biases that have a 'bright side'.
The study's co-author said that when kids say they have more friends than their peers say they have, those children are actually less aggressive.
This finding was true for both overtly (e.g., hitting, kicking, or threatening to beat up others) and relationally (e.g., excluding others or spreading rumors) aggressive behavior.
The study relied on a survey of 421, mostly African American, second through fourth graders from five public elementary schools in an urban midwestern city.
The survey, which was administered in individual classrooms, provided students with the opportunity to identify their friends and the friends of their peers in the class in which they were surveyed. Students also identified classmates who were bullies.
Neal said that the reason for such behaviour can be that kids who overestimate their social connections may also perceive that more peers are watching and judging their behaviours.
Another possible reason is that students who overestimate their social connections may be nice, sociable kids who believe they are friends with everyone.
The study is to be presented at the 108th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.
ANI 73 (World/US)
72 percent Americans think immigrants must learn to speak English
Washington, Aug 11 : 72 percent of Americans think immigrants should learn to speak English after setting up a home in the United States, according to a recent poll released by Gallup, with the findings not changing much in the past 12 years, when the survey company first started asking the question.
According to The Washington Times, seventy-two percent now say it's essential, while 24 percent consider it important and in 2001, Gallup reported that 77 percent found it essential, compared to 19 percent important.
Respondents were specifically asked how important it was to immigrants living in the United States to learn to speak English, was it essential, important but not essential, not too important, or not at all important.
--ANI (Posted on 12-08-2013)