The rise in external debt during the period was due to both long-term as well as short-term components. Increase in long-term debt was mainly on account of NRI deposits and commercial borrowings, while short-term debt stood higher on account of trade related credits.
The long-term debt stood at USUSD 284.4 billion at end-December 2012, recording an increase of USUSD 17.1 billion (6.4 per cent) over the end-March 2012 level, while short-term debt increased by USUSD 13.7 billion (17.5 per cent) to USUSD 91.9 billion.
Short-term debt accounted for 24.4 per cent of India's total external debt, while the remaining (75.6 per cent) was long-term debt. Within long-term, components such as commercial borrowings accounted for 30.0 per cent of the total external debt, followed by NRI deposits (18.0 per cent) and multilateral debt (13.7 per cent).
Government (Sovereign) external debt stood at USUSD 81.7 billion, (21.7 per cent of total external debt) at end-December 2012 as against USUSD 81.9 billion (23.7 per cent) at end-March 2012.
The share of US dollar denominated debt was the highest in external debt stock and stood at 56.8 per cent at end-December 2012, followed by debt denominated in terms of the Indian rupee (23.1 per cent), SDR (7.9 per cent), Japanese yen (7.6 per cent) and euro (3.2 per cent).
India's external debt to GDP ratio stood at 20.6 per cent at end-December 2012 vis-a-vis 19.7 per cent at end-March 2012.
--IBNS (Posted on 28-03-2013)