Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa are meeting in Durban for the annual BRICS summit on March 26 and 27, 2013.
When BRICS countries met in New Delhi in 2012, they called for "an immediate end to all violence and violations of human rights" in Syria. In Durban BRICS should move beyond that general but ineffective pronouncement and call for specific actions to address the unfolding tragedy on the ground in Syria.
In particular, BRICS should call for an immediate end to indiscriminate attacks on civilians and civilian-populated areas, including by ballistic missiles, to the unlawful use of cluster munitions and incendiary weapons, and to summary executions, enforced disappearances, and torture of those detained, Human Rights Watch said.
"Syrians need more than empty words from the BRICS countries," said Peggy Hicks, global advocacy director at Human Rights Watch.
"Rather than just call for an end to violence, it is time for BRICS states to make clear that the punishment of the civilian population must stop," Hicks added.
BRICS countries should also call for Syria's government to allow humanitarian aid to be brought into the country across all of its borders, including from Turkey, Human Rights Watch said.
Since the BRICs countries expressed "deep concern" at the situation in Syria at the summit meeting a year ago, the death toll in the Syrian conflict has increased from 9,000 to more than 70,000.
On March 19, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres described the humanitarian situation in Syria as "dramatic beyond description" and said that more than 3.6 million people have been displaced within the country.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on January 29 called urgently for agreement to allow cross-border transfers, noting that "there is no time to lose."
"BRICS counties may not see eye-to-eye on the Syria crisis as a whole, but surely they can agree that the UN should be able to reach those in need through the quickest and easiest route," Hicks said.
"BRICS countries should make it their mission to convince President Bashar al-Assad to agree to open all of Syria's borders to aid deliveries, including the border with Turkey."
The UN announced on March 25 that it is temporarily relocating some of its staff out of Syria after mortar shells fell near the Damascus hotel housing UN staff. The UN will maintain staff to continue operating its critical humanitarian programs, its spokesperson said. The insecurity in Damascus underscores the importance of opening Syria's borders to facilitate humanitarian access to reach all those in need, Human Rights Watch said.
Humanitarian aid to opposition-held areas is also undermined by the multiplicity of armed groups and the absence of security guarantees. The Syrian National Council should encourage armed opposition groups to grant safe passage to relief convoys and personnel into the territories under their control.
India, Brazil, and South Africa should also push at the Durban summit for their BRICS partner Russia to suspend all military sales and assistance to the Syrian government, Human Rights Watch said.
--ANI (Posted on 26-03-2013)