Ban urges elimination of nuclear weapons
Marking the 67th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Monday urged countries to work together to eliminate the threat of nuclear weapons and stressed the importance of honouring victims and survivors by sharing their stories with new generations.
"The tragedy in Hiroshima decades ago continues to resonate today," Ban said in a message to the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony, honouring those killed when an atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city on August 6 1945, during the closing stages of the Second World War.
"There must never be another nuclear attack - never. The elimination of such weapons is not just a visionary goal, but the most reliable way to prevent their future use," the UN chief stressed in his message, delivered on his behalf by the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Angela Kane.
According to the city's official website, the Peace Memorial Ceremony is held, in front of the Hiroshima Peace City Memorial Monument, to appease the souls of those killed by the atomic bomb and to pray for eternal peace on Earth. During the ceremony, the Peace Declaration, which appeals for the abolition of nuclear weapons and for the realization of eternal world peace, is delivered by the Mayor of Hiroshima City and is transmitted worldwide.
More than 400,000 more people have died - and are continuing to die - since the end of the Second World War from the impacts of the bombings in Hiroshima, as well as the city of Nagasaki, which was bombed three days after Hiroshima.
"People understand that nuclear weapons cannot be used without indiscriminate effects on civilian populations," Ban said in his message. "Such weapons have no legitimate place in our world. Their elimination is both morally right and a practical necessity in protecting humanity."
Ban highlighted the importance of making the stories of the hibakusha - as the victims of the bombings are known - heard throughout the world, to raise awareness of the effects of nuclear weapons and the need to eliminate them.
"Your message is being heard. I am very pleased that the testimonies of many 'hibakusha' are being translated into several languages. In support of these efforts, the United Nations has just launched a multimedia website of 'hibakusha' telling their stories," he said. "It is very important that these words be heard and understood in all countries, especially by the younger generation."
The website, which was jointly produced by the UN Office of Disarmament Affairs and Japanese artist and director Shinpei Takeda, showcases over 60 interviews with survivors who travelled to America after the bombings in an attempt to highlight the long-term impact of weapons of mass destruction.
Ban has made nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation a top priority. In 2008, he put forward a five-point plan that includes recommendations on increasing security, verification, establishing a legal framework for nuclear disarmament, transparency and conventional weapons.
In a message to the 2012 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, held after the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony, Secretary-General Ban emphasized that achieving a future without nuclear weapons would require international cooperation and called on countries to work towards this goal.
"[Nuclear disarmament] will require hard work and the collaboration of a wide variety of individuals and groups throughout the international community. It will require close cooperation between groups of States, and it will require a central focus at the United Nations," Ban said in his remarks, also delivered on his behalf by Kane.
"The burden for achieving disarmament cannot be borne by peace groups alone," he added. "Everybody, regardless of age, income, profession, gender or nationality, has a stake in this quest."