Long-sought 'God particle' found, say physicists
Washington, March 15 : Physicists at CERN have announced that they believe they have discovered the mysterious Higgs boson, the subatomic particle predicted nearly a half-century ago, which is a crucial building block of the universe.
The particle's existence could help clarify what gives electrons and all matter in the universe size and shape and the discovery would be a strong contender for the Nobel Prize, according to Fox News.
The elusive particle was predicted in 1964 to help explain the creation of the universe, which many theorize occurred in a massive explosion known as the Big Bang.
It was named after Peter Higgs, one of the physicists who proposed its existence, but later it became to be popularly known as the "God particle."
Last year, scientists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, or CERN, announced finding a particle they described as Higgs-like, but did not confirm if it was the same particle or was some version of it.
Scientists have now finished going through the entire set of data.
"The preliminary results with the full 2012 data set are magnificent and to me it is clear that we are dealing with a Higgs boson, though we still have a long way to go to know what kind of Higgs boson it is," the channel quoted Joe Incandela, a physicist who heads one of the two main teams at CERN, as saying.
The results were announced in a statement by the Geneva-based CERN and released at a physics conference in the Italian Alps on Thursday.
in the statement, CERN explained that whether or not it is a Higgs boson is demonstrated by how it interacts with other particles and its quantum properties.
After checking, scientists said the data "strongly indicates that it is a Higgs boson."
CERN's atom smasher, the 10- billion-dollar Large Hadron Collider that lies beneath the Swiss-French border, has been creating high-energy collisions of protons to investigate how the universe came to be the way it is.
The particle's existence helps confirm the theory that objects gain their size and shape when particles interact in an energy field with a key particle, the Higgs boson.
The more they attract, so the theory goes, the bigger their mass will be.