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Posted on Nov 28, 10:13AM | UNI
A nephrology team from Care Hospitals has said it has performed the first ever 'kidney swap transplant' in Andhra Pradesh and also first time in South on patients in Hyderabad.
"Swap transplant also known as 'paired donor exchange' takes place when two kidney recipients essentially 'swap' kidneys from willing donors," Care Hospitals Nephrology Division Director Dr Rajsekhar Chakravarthy told a news conference here today.
The unique feat was successfully performed on Mr MM Baig and Mr Devidas, who were both suffering from end stage renal disease, the doctor said.
The 50-year-old Baig, with blood group B-Positive had a prospective donor in his wife Ayesha. However. her blood group is 'A Positive. Simultaneously, the other 44-year-old patient Mr Devidas with blood group 'A positive', had been undergoing dialysis. His wife Nirmala was the prospective donor for him but her blood group is 'B-Positive', Dr Rajsekhar said.
Despite both the couples' willingness for transplant, it could not be performed due to the blood group mismatch, the nephrologist said.
After completion of all legal formalities and willingness to donate kidneys by Baig's wife Ayeshs to patient Devidas and whose wife Nirmala also agreed to donate to Mr Baig, the unique 'swap transplantation took place on November 7 this year, the doctor explained.
Out of 4,000 transplants across country, however, there is a very very low percentage in swap kidney transplant, Dr Rajshekar said. Thirty per cent of people whose kidneys are affected are due to diabetic and remaining due to hypertension and usage of excess antibiotics.
In many cases while medically eligible to donate, each donor has an incompatible blood type or antigens to his or her intended recipient. During a swap transplant, by agreeing to exchange recipients-giving the kidney to an unknown, but compatible individual- the donors can provide two patients with healthy kidneys where previously no transplant would have been possible, the doctor added.