Cabinet extends sanitation scheme into 12th Plan
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) Thursday approved the proposal of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation to extend the ongoing scheme of Integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS) Scheme into the 12th Five Year Plan with revised features and cost estimates.
CCEA said that central government would extend financial support to state governments for total eradication of the dry latrines from the urban areas at an estimated cost of Rs.481.45 crore out of which the central share would be Rs. 367.33 crore and the rest will be borne by the states and beneficiaries in the ratio of 3:1.
CCEA realigned cost ceiling from the current level of Rs.10,000 (fixed in 2008) to Rs.15,000 and announced enhanced support for adoption of eco-friendly technologies like bio-digesters etc.
The obnoxious practice of manual scavenging or engaging fellow human beings into cleaning the untreated human excreta has been banned under the 'Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrine (Prohibition) Act, 1993' which prohibits construction and/or maintenance of dry latrines and employment of manual scavengers, the committee informed.
During the 11th Plan period under the ILCS scheme government of India had provided financial support for conversion of approximately 2.52 lakh dry latrines and construction of 1.56 lakh new toilets to economically weaker section households who had no toilets.
All the states reported that the conversion has been completed.
However, Census of India 2010 had pointed that out that nearly 2.08 Lakh latrines still exist in urban areas where the night soil is removed by humans. Out of this, more than 50 percent (1.06 lakh) exists in Uttar Pradesh only.