New Delhi, Jan 24 IBNS | 11 months ago

Peter Sachsenmeier, a member of Germany's National Academy of Science and Engineering (Acatech) on Friday said that the challenge for the digerati, in the near future will be 'Work-Life' integration as opposed to 'Work-Life' balance, because they are going to be in an "always on" mode and the boundaries between work life and the private life will disappear, opening newer challenges and opportunities.

Sachsenmeier, addressing at the ongoing workshop on advanced manufacturing being held in Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC), said that digital natives, entering the corporate world, will transfer their loyalty from employer to their network, based on intelligent and fair collaboration.

The changes leading to Industry 4.0 will leverage the productivity potential of ICT and globalization.

Industry 4.0 decreases standardization where mass production and process optimisation will no longer be the key skills, Sachsenmeier said.

As the 'War for talent' is de-nationalised, countries having a large workforce may no longer be at an advantage.

The relevance of age, in the virtual world, will give way to creativity, innovation and knowledge. Honesty and ethics will be important considerations as 'membership qualifications' among the digerati, Sachsenmeier said.

Working nomads, transactional workers, problem solving experts have emerged as the roles, he added.

Leading the discussion on 'Business Environment of the Smart Factory', Kota Harinarayana from Aeronautical Development Establishment urged those in power to shed control.

By donning the role of facilitators, they could play a much bigger role to improve the overall well-being of the society even though this calls for deep attitude change, said the Light Combat Aircraft designer.

The Smart Factory has to have the adaptability, resilience and productivity, while data recorded by sensors provides transparency, but should be used for on-site process optimization and sound decisions and self optimization, said Fritz Klocke, RWTH Aachen, Germany said.

Klocke is developing smart devices that follow the rules of production engineers.

He is also planning to take Smart Factory concept to the research fraternity as it will help in bringing researchers, from diverse background, together to solve a problem.

In the Human Factor Session, P Nandakumar, vice president, Mahindra and Mahindra said, "We would like to create Digital Mahindra where the focus is on product, people and process and people have to be trained on different capabilities in the changing scenario."

He laid emphasis on integration of the labor union with the company as it helps in productivity and creation of grey collar workforce, which has the agility and wisdom of both white collar and blue collar workers.

They can effectively program, troubleshoot and maintain technology driven computer and network oriented devices.

Carsten Ullrich, German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, Berling, Germany said, "Mastering smart production requires deeper knowledge and job expertise than ever before."

Ullrich said that in many domains the usage of Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED) has enabled significant flexibility and personalization of learning processes so one can see the emergence of an application store, with respect to different services, and making them accessible on some cost for training employees.

While the first three industrial revolutions were a result of mechanisation, electricity and Information Technology, the 'Internet of Things and Services' is ushering in a fourth industrial revolution, he added.

In the future, businesses will establish global networks that will incorporate machinery, warehousing systems and production facilities in the shape of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). In the manufacturing environment, these Cyber-Physical Systems are smart machines, storage systems and production facilities capable of exchanging information, triggering actions and controlling each other independently.

"This facilitates improvements in manufacturing, engineering, material usage and supply chain and life cycle management," Ullrich noted.

He said, "Efficient management of big, data is critical to the Industry of tomorrow. It is predicted that Smart Factories of tomorrow will rely on autonomous, self-regulating, knowledge-based and sensor-supported production and logistics systems."

"Efficient storage, processing, and usage of the data is key to the entire Supply and Production Network," Ullrich added.

Both academies will work together to improve existing techniques and develop a roadmap to use new technologies for processing and analyzing big data for engineering applications in both India and Germany.

The workshop defined joint research questions and projects through interaction among leading manufacturing companies--Bharat Forge, GE, Mahindra and Mahindra, Matric Vision, Samsung and SAP -- and technology Institutions--Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institutes of Technology.

Eminent cyber security expert N Balakrishnan from Indian Institute of Science led discussions on Framework and Infrastructure Conditions touched on Logistics, Networks, Manufacturing and Urban Development.

(Posted on 24-01-2014)

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