New Delhi, Apr 10 UNI | 4 months ago

Threatened by the prospects of El Nino, India and Peru have decided for scientific cooperation to understand the effect of weather phenomena, that originates in the Pacific Ocean.


They will conduct joint studies of the El Nino effects and monsoons phenomenon and share information and experiences.

The decision was taken at the India-Peru Joint Committee on Science and Technology, which was held in Peruvian capital Lima on April 7 and 8.

The El Nino weather pattern is likely to hit Peru starting from this month, according to scientific forecasts.

El Nino happens, on average, every three to five years and it is characterized by a warming of surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. It can cause droughts in some places and floods in others.

In Peru, El Nino threatens to affect the fishmeal industry while in India, this phenomena is associated with deficient rainfall affecting agriculture that is heavily dependent on the monsoon.

It was decided at the India-Peru Joint Commission that experts from both the countries would meet regularly to study these changes in climate.

Besides, both sides identified areas of cooperation in fields like agri biotechnology, human health issues, materials like nano- materials, energy materials and ceramics, environment, bio-diversity, climate change and social inclusion projects. More

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The two countries also agreed to cooperate in the research for the development of vaccines for infectious diseases common in both countries, water management and dissemination of basic agricultural technologies to end users in Peru.

Besides, they identified information technology and innovation
as areas of cooperation.India and Peru will share knowledge through regular interactions of experts of specialized institutes and will facilitate exchange of researchers to visit each other's countries for conducting workshops and collaborative projects in the identified fields.

Dr Arabinda Mitra, Advisor & Head, International Bilateral Cooperation, Department of Science & Technology of India led the Indian delegation.

Dr Gisella Orjeda, President, National Council of Science, Technology & Technological Innovation (CONCYTEC) was the Co-Chair from the Peruvian side.

A Protocol of Cooperation in Science & Technology for 2014-16 was signed by the Co-Chairs in the presence of India Ambassador to Peru Manpreet Vohra,and Mr Juan Carlos Capunay, Director General for Asia and Oceania, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru, the Indian Embassy in Peru said in a statement.

(Posted on 10-04-2014)