New York, March 31 IANS | 6 months ago

In a first, scientists have discovered an upside to the brain mechanism that can blind us to subtle visual changes in movies and in the real world.


The researchers from University of California (UC), Berkeley, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have discovered a 'continuity field' in which the brain visually merges similar objects seen within a 15-second time frame.

So, now you can understand how you missed actor Julia Roberts' croissant inexplicably morphing into a pancake in the film "Pretty Woman".

Unlike in the movies, objects in the real world do not spontaneously change from, say, a croissant to a pancake in a matter of seconds, so the continuity field stabilises what we see over time.

"The continuity field smoothes what would otherwise be a jittery perception of object features over time," said David Whitney, an associate professor of psychology at UC Berkeley and senior author of the study.

Essentially, it pulls together physically but not radically different objects to appear more similar to each other.

"This is surprising because it means the visual system sacrifices accuracy for the sake of the continuous, stable perception of objects," he added.

Conversely, without a continuity field, we may be hypersensitive to every visual fluctuation triggered by shadows, movement and myriad other factors.

For example, faces and objects would appear to morph from moment to moment in an effect similar to being on hallucinogenic drugs, researchers said.

"The brain has learned that the real world usually does not change suddenly, and it applies that knowledge to make our visual experience more consistent from one moment to the next," said Jason Fischer, a post-doctoral fellow at MIT.

To establish the existence of a 'continuity field', the researchers let participants view a series of bars, or gratings on a computer screen.

The gratings appeared at random angles once every five seconds.

The researchers found that instead of precisely matching the orientation of the grating, participants averaged out the angle of the three most recently viewed gratings - described as 'perceptual serial dependence'.

The research was published in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

(Posted on 31-03-2014)

Share This Page:


Post your comments


Information on States of India:

Andaman Nicobar | Andhra Pradesh | Assam | Bihar | Chandigarh | Chhattisgarh | Dadar Nagar Haveli | Daman Diu | Delhi | Goa | Gujarat | Haryana | Himachal Pradesh | Jammu Kashmir | Jharkhand | Karnataka | Kerala | Lakshadweep | Madhya Pradesh | Maharashtra | Manipur | Meghalaya | Mizoram | Nagaland | Orissa | Pondicherry | Punjab | Rajasthan | Sikkim | Tamil Nadu | Tripura | Uttar Pradesh | Uttaranchal | West Bengal

INDIA REGIONAL MAPS:

Andhra Pradesh Travel Map | Bihar Travel Map | Goa Travel Map | Gujarat Travel Map | Haryana Travel Map | Himachal Pradesh Map | Karnataka Travel Map | Kerala Travel Map | Maharashtra Travel Map | Punjab Travel Map | Rajasthan Travel Map | Sikkim Travel Map | Tamil Nadu Travel Map | Uttar Pradesh Travel Map | West Bengal Travel Map |

MORE MAPS OF INDIA:

Airports of India | Districts of India | India Pilgrim Centers | Tourism Map of India | National Highways in India | India Railway Routes |

INDIA CITY MAPS:

Ahmadabad | Bangalore | Chennai | Coimbatore | Delhi | Hyderabad/Secunderabad | Kochi | Kolkata | Mumbai | Pondicherry | Pune | Surat |

KERALA TRAVEL MAPS:

Alappuzha | Ernakulam | Idukki | Kannur | Kasaragod | Kollam | Kottayam | Kozhikode | Malappuram | Palakkad | Pathanamthitta | Thiruvananthapuram | Thrissur | Wayanad |