'Emotion readers' in cars can help save lives on road
Scientists believe that detecting emotions and reading facial expressions, like anger, irritation and fatigue, of a person driving a car using embedded cameras can help save lives on the road.
EPFL researchers, in collaboration with PSA Peugeot Citroen, have developed an on-board emotion detector based on the analysis of facial expressions.
Tests carried out using a prototype indicate that the idea could have promising applications.
It's not easy to measure emotions within the confines of a car, especially non-invasively. The solution explored by scientists in EPFL's Signal Processing 5 Laboratory (LTS5), who specialize in facial detection, monitoring and analysis, is to get drivers' faces to do the job.
In collaboration with PSA Peugeot Citroen, LTS5 adapted a facial detection device for use in a car, using an infrared camera placed behind the steering wheel.
The problem was to get the device to recognize irritation on the face of a driver. Everyone expresses this state somewhat differently - a kick, an epithet, a nervous tic or an impassive face.
To simplify the task at this stage of the project, Hua Gao and Anil Yuce, who spearheaded the research, chose to track only two expressions: anger and disgust, whose manifestations are similar to those of anger.
Two phases of tests were carried out. First, the system "learned" to identify the two emotions using a series of photos of subjects expressing them.
Then the same exercise was carried out using videos. The images were taken both in an office setting as well as in real life situations, in a car that was made available for the project.
The rapidity with which the comparison between filmed images and thus detection could be carried out depended on the analysis methods used.
But overall, the system worked well and irritation could be accurately detected in the majority of cases. When the test failed, it was usually because this state is very variable from individual to individual.
This is where the difficulty will always lie, given the diversity of how we express anger.
Additional research aims to explore updating the system in real-time - to complement the static database - a self-taught human-machine interface, or a more advanced facial monitoring algorithm, Gao said.
(Posted on 15-03-2014)