India - New Delhi City Information

by V.A.Ponmelil (All rights reserved by the author)

New Delhi City Information

New Delhi is the third largest city and is the capital of India.

The city has ancient historical monuments along with soaring skyscrapers, embassies and bustling commercial complexes.

There is an extremely different climate environment with immense heat waves during summer and chilly coldness during winter.

Places of Interest:

India Gate - It is built in the memory of 90,000 soldiers of the Indian army killed during First World War at the east end of the Rajpat. It has the names of these soldiers inscribed on the stone of the 42 metre high triumphal arch, designed by Edward Lutyens.  It also has Amar Jawan Jyoti which commemorates the Indian Armed Forces' losses in the Indo Pakistan War of 1971. 

Places of Cremation

Raj Ghat - Mahatma Gandhi

Shanti Van - Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru-1st Prime Minister of India
 
Vijay Ghat - Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri-Former Prime Minister of India

Shakti Stal - Smt. Indira Gandhi-Former Prime Minister of India

Samta Sthal - Sri.Jagjeevan Ram-Former Deputy Prime Minister of India

Veer Bhumi - Sri Rajeev Gandhi-Former Prime Minister of India

Kisan Ghat - Sri. Charan Singh, Former Prime Minister of India

Ekta Sthal - Sri Gyani Zai Sing-Former President of India

Parks and Gardens 

Lodi Garden - Situated at Lodi Road, the garden has the mellow stone tombs of the Lodi rulers of 15th and 16th centuries.  It has the Bada Gumbaz mosque, the Sheesh Gumbaz, the tomb of Mohammad Shah, the tomb of Sikander Lodi, and the athpula or the Bridge of Eight Piers.
 
Mughal Garden - Situated to the west of Rashtrapathi Bhavan, this elegant garden was designed by Lutynes. It occupies 13 acres with rectangular, long and circular garden sections. It is a blend of the formal Mughal style with the design of a British Garden.

Buddha Jayanti Park
Nehru Park 
Rose gardens
Old-Lodhi garden
Qudsia Bagh at Kashmir gate

Jantar Mantar - It is a unique observatory built by the Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh I in 1724 with machinery instruments for observing the movement of stars and planet.

Charity Birds Hospital - It is a unique hospital for birds started in 1956 by Jains.

Pragati Maidan - It is a massive complex with well laidout roads, fountains, garden, lawns and eating points. The annual India International Trade fair and other International/National Trade Fair are being held in this complex.

Badkal Lake - Located in Faridabad, this natural lake is surrounded by small hills.

Rashtrapati Bhavan - Located at the west end of Rajpath, the Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India. Designed by Sir Edwin L. Lutyens, this building was formerly, the Viceroy's House, during the British rule. It is a magnificent classical structure with massive columns, verandahs, balconies incorporated with typical Indian motifs such as Buddhist railings, chhatris and chhajjas in between. The building is a masterpiece of symmetry, discipline, silhouette and harmony with 340 decorated rooms.

Qutab Minar - Situated at Aurabindo Marg, it is a World famous Minar foundation of which was laid by Qutbu'd-Din Aibak and completed by his son Iltamush.
Dargah (Tomb) of Hazrat Nizam:Ud-Din Albia - Situated at old Nizamuddin Bazar, this tomb of Sufi saint Hazrat Nizam is white in colour with an onion-shaped dome. It is visited by large crowds and around sunset on Thursday, the qawwali songs are sung by the male followers of the Sufi Saint. 

Central Secretariat - Designed by Sir Herbert Baker, the building consists of 2 blocks, North and South with each block being surrounded by a dome of 217 feet height.
Parliament House - Known as Sansad Bhavan, this circular colonnade building is about 171 meter in diameter and 75 feet high. It houses the Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) since 1947. This building has all the constructive geometric qualities. 
Humayun's Tomb - The Humayun's tomb built by Haji begum, wife of Humayun is the first substantial example of the Mughal architecture, with high arches and double dome. 
Purana Qila - The Purana Qila conceals the ruins of the city of Indraprastha of Mahabharata story. It has a citadel built by Sher Shah Sur. It is irregularly oblong on plan, with bastion on the corners and in the western wall. It has three main gates on north, south and west directions.  The gates are double-storeyed, built with red sandstone and surrounded by chhatris.  

Lal Qila (Red Fort) - Red Fort or lal qila is a masterpiece of architecture built behind red sandstone walls.

Birla Temple - Also known as Lakshmi Naryan Mandir, this temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.

Digamber Jain temple - Situated opposite to Red Fort, this is the oldest and most impressive Jain temple with main shrine as the Lord Parasnath.

Gurudwara Rakabganj - Situated at the corner of the Church Road and the Pandit Pant Marg, this is a famous Sikh shrine where the beheaded body of 9th Guru of Sikhs, Guru Teg Bhahadur was cremated in 1675 A.D.

Kalkaji Temple - This temple is the oldest temple dedicated to the goddess Kali.
Bahai's House of Worship or Lotus Temple - This lotus shaped temple is surrounded by nine large pools of water which not only enhances the beauty of the temple but also offers a natural cooling system.

Jama Masjid – Being India’s largest mosque, Jama Masjid is a magnificent building made of red sandstone and marble representing the last architectural work of the Mughals.

Gurudwara Sirganj - Built in the memory to the Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur, this is one of the main Sikh shrines in Delhi.

 

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