India - Amritsar City Information

by V.A.Ponmelil (All rights reserved by the author)

Amritsar City Information

Amritsar is the holy city of Sikhs and is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh Religion. It is also the home to the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple.

The city gets its name from the pool-Amritsar (Pool of Nectar), which was constructed by Guru Ramdas, the fourth Guru of Sikhs.

Amritsar is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. It is the gateway for travellers coming to India on the overland route from central Asia. 

Places of Interest:

Golden Temple - The Golden Temple is the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion and is also known as the Shri Darbar Shaib. The temple sits on a rectangular platform, surrounded by a pool of water called the Amrit Sarovar from which the City is named.

Harmandir Sahib - Harmandir Sahib, situated inside the Golden Temple complex is a 52-meter, square-based structure which enshrines the Holy Book of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib.

Akal Takht - Akal Takht is the seat of Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious authority and is also the place where Guru Granth Sahib is kept during the night.

Rambagh Gardens - It is the summer palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. There is a beautiful garden surrounding the palace.

Durgiana Temple - The temple has the similar architecture of Golden temple and it is a well-known repository of Hindu scriptures.

Jallaianwala Bagh - Jallaianwala Bagh is the place where the most notorious massacre under the British rule took place in 1919.

Tower of Baba Atal - The tower is nine-storey structure built in the memory of Baba Atal Rai, son of Guru Hargobind.

Central Museum - The Sikh Central Museum has the exhibits and paintings depicting the lives of Sikhs and their martyrs.

Ram Tirth - It is believed to be the place of the sage Valmiki's hermitage. It has an ancient tank and many temples.

Anandpur Sahib - Anandpur Sahib (the holy City of Bliss) is one of the holiest places of the Sikhs and is closely linked with Sikh religious traditions and history. It was here that Guru Gobind Singh baptised the first five Sikhs called the Panch Pyaras, the five beloved ones, who had offered him their heads to uphold Dharma.

Takht Keshgarh Sahib - Keshgarh Sahib is the central place of Anandpur Sahib and is also known as Takht Keshgarh Sahib. It is the principal shrine at Anandpur and here, the Guru Granth Sahib is seated under a canopy outside the sanctum.

Anandgarh Fort - Anandgarh was a very strong fort where Guru Gobind Singh Sahib spent about sixteen years.

Lohgarh Fort - Gurudwara Qila Lohgarh Sahib was one of the five forts built by Guru Gobind Singh to protect the Anandpur Sahib from outsiders.

 

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